TARA Hand made paper technology.


TARA (Technology and Action for Rural advancement) provides a unique technology to recycle wastes like cotton rags, denim materials and fibres into high quality hand made paper. TARA produces an infinite range of colour, texture and thickness for hand made paper used for varied applications. 

Brief production process
Before the actual production process, the raw material is sorted and checked for foreign particles and dust.  It is followed by rag chopping to obtain the raw material into small uniform sized pieces.  During the beating process, inert chemicals are added to impart the paper with desirable physical properties and consistency.  The pulp is used for sheet formation on wooden frames, which is followed by pressing.  This is necessary  to squeeze out excess water from the sheets.  After this, sheets are hung in the open for drying.  It is followed by cleaning and removal other foreign matter, before the sheets undergo calendering process, to improve the smoothness and gloss.  Finally they are cut in required sizes, sorted as per colour, texture, thickness and sent for packaging. 

Areas of Application
TARA hand made paper offers a wide variety of colour and finishes. Hand made paper with its growing popularity has got a wide range of application.

This paper is used for office stationary, writing pads, conference folders, computer printouts, drawing and documentation sheets, certificate and degree awards; for fancy products like – office table accessories, greeting cards, decorative wraps and carry bags. It also has some important industrial application like – filter paper for automobiles, insulating paper etc.

Advantages of TARA handmade paper

Environment friendly Hand made paper production does not require wood as raw material,hence conservation of scarce natural resources

Recycles waste materials  It utilises waste like cotton rags, denim cuttings and fibres like –jute,straw, banana etc. to produce eco-friendly paper 

High quality Adherence to necessary technical specification and strict quality control produces high quality, aesthetically appealing and durable hand made paper

Power production

Advantages of TARA recycling technology

Low Capital InvestmentTo set up a hand made production unit with annual capacity of 25 MT per annum it requires a capital of Rs 15 –20 lacs. -            

Create job opportunities for women Simple production processes and semi-mechanised system makes it possible to train / unskilled rural youth / women to work creating livelihood options for them.

Development Status


Economic Data

Equipment (Beater, univats, chopper, pumps, hydraulic press, cutting and calendering machine, agitators) Rs 8,85,000
Accessories Rs 175000
Training and commissioning Rs 195000
Electrical motors and fittings Rs 125000
Civil works Rs  95000
Transportation insurance (in India) Rs  55000
Total Rs 1,530,000 (US$ 30,600)
(These costs do not include the building construction. It is assumed that a shed of 200 sq m is available or will be rented. Additional space required for drying, storage and movement will be 800sq m.)


Hand made paper is highly profitable for small-scale entrepreneurs.  A capital investment of about Rs. 15 lacs will yield a production valued at Rs 25 lacs, which can be enhanced to Rs 35 lacs per annum through the addition of another beater. The system allows for upto 20% profits in the first year of operation. The equipment is supplied by TARA (Technology and action for Rural Advancement), a leading sustainable technology marketing organisation.

Transfer form
Turnkey basis


Technical data

Annual production capacity

25 MT per annum (card, bond, filter paper)
Land area requirement

1000 sq m

Electrical load

50 KVA
Electricity consumption 1200 kHW (units) per tonne of production
Water consumption 18,000-22,000 ltrs of water per day
No. of jobs created 10 skilled and 15 unskilled


Further Contact
Dr Arun Kumar / Mr Subroto Roy
Development Alternatives
B-32, TARA Crescent
Qutab Institutional Area
New Delhi – 110 016
Tel :  91+11+2696-7938, 2685-1158, Fax : 91+11+26866031

Email  : arunkumar@devalt.org ,  sroy@devalt.org

URL : www.devalt.org