The most popular
ICS in Sri Lanka is marketed under the trade name “Anagi”. Word “Anagi”
in Sinhala language means ‘preciouses
or ‘excellent’. So “Anagi” stove is an excellent and precious stove
because it saves firewood and cooking time provided it is made to the
correct dimensions. Lab tests carried out on the stove spell the
technical efficiency of 21%, and numerous field-cooking tests tell
average firewood savings to be over 30%, twice as good as traditional
Anagi is two pot
single piece clay stove designed to meet the cooking needs of a family
of 6 people. It can accommodate medium size hard or soft wood and other
loose biomass residues such as coconut shells, fronds and leaves.
The stove design has been carefully developed to suit the cooking habits
and the types of food cooked in Sri Lanka. The stove can be used
directly, which is preferred for short cooking as done in urban houses.
For cooking over a long period of time as in many rural houses,
insulating the stove with a mud mixture improves the firewood saving
capability. The lifetime of the stove may be about 3 years instead of 1
year if used directly without any insulation.
Anagi stove has
three main components: (i) Fire box, (ii) 2nd pot hole, and (iii) Tunnel
(which connects the firebox and the 2nd pot seat). Likewise, secondary
components are: (i) pot rests, (ii) buttresses, (iii) baffle, (iv) flame
shield, and (v) the door.
Anagi was first
introduced in 1986 by the Ceylon Electricity Board in collaboration with
the ITDG under the Urban Stoves Programme. Its success prompted the
stove to be selected for commercialization in the rural areas with the
participation of the Integrated Development Association (IDEA) and the
ITDG. Later, the Asian Cook stove Programme (ARECOP) supported the
programme, which got success in installing 300,000 stoves in remote