“Anagi” Stove Construction in Sri Lanka


The most popular ICS in Sri Lanka is marketed under the trade name “Anagi”. Word “Anagi” in Sinhala language means ‘preciouses or ‘excellent’. So “Anagi” stove is an excellent and precious stove because it saves firewood and cooking time provided it is made to the correct dimensions. Lab tests carried out on the stove spell the technical efficiency of 21%, and numerous field-cooking tests tell average firewood savings to be over 30%, twice as good as traditional stoves.

Anagi is two pot single piece clay stove designed to meet the cooking needs of a family of 6 people. It can accommodate medium size hard or soft wood and other loose biomass residues such as coconut shells, fronds and leaves.
The stove design has been carefully developed to suit the cooking habits and the types of food cooked in Sri Lanka. The stove can be used directly, which is preferred for short cooking as done in urban houses. For cooking over a long period of time as in many rural houses, insulating the stove with a mud mixture improves the firewood saving capability. The lifetime of the stove may be about 3 years instead of 1 year if used directly without any insulation.

Anagi stove has three main components: (i) Fire box, (ii) 2nd pot hole, and (iii) Tunnel (which connects the firebox and the 2nd pot seat). Likewise, secondary components are: (i) pot rests, (ii) buttresses, (iii) baffle, (iv) flame shield, and (v) the door.

Anagi was first introduced in 1986 by the Ceylon Electricity Board in collaboration with the ITDG under the Urban Stoves Programme. Its success prompted the stove to be selected for commercialization in the rural areas with the participation of the Integrated Development Association (IDEA) and the ITDG. Later, the Asian Cook stove Programme (ARECOP) supported the programme, which got success in installing 300,000 stoves in remote villages.


(Source : http://www.inforse.dk/asia/M_III_stoves.htm)